Guidelines for Paper Submission

It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the word processor used. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the word processor’s options to justify text or to hyphenate words. However, do use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc. When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts .

guidelines for paper

They must be enumerated in Arabic numbers and the numbers should be closed between square brackets. The maximum length is typically 10 pages for Papers, 15 pages for Surveys, and 6 pages for Letters. The manuscript should be written in single-spaced, two-column, standard IEEE format.

QES to develop summary of findings statements for decision

No permits were required for the described study, which complied with all relevant regulations. The specific criteria (i.e. humane endpoints) used to determine when animals should be euthanized. Full details of humane endpoints use must be reported for a study to be reproducible and for the results to be accurately interpreted. Expedited review is conducted by an internal Staff Editor only and bypasses the external review process. This is typically the approval or waiver letter from the relevant ethics body and a copy of the protocol approved by this body. We encourage authors you to register with OSF and provide the your registration number in the Materials and Methods section. The name of the registry and the trial or study registration number must be included in the Abstract.

guidelines for paper

We recommend that authors select repositories appropriate to their field. Large, international databases are more likely to persist than small, local ones. As explained in PLOS’s Data Policy, be sure to make individual data points, underlying graphs and summary statistics available at the time of publication. Data can be deposited in a repository or included within the Supporting Information files. Each figure must be prepared and submitted as an individual file. PLOS uses the reference style outlined by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors , also referred to as the “Vancouver” style.

Guide for Authors

This should be written avoiding any technical language or non-standard acronyms. The aim should be to convey the meaning and importance of this research to a non-expert. For further information, please check the descriptions defined in how to end a essay example the journal’s ‘Article types’ page, in the ‘For authors’ menu on every journal page. For clinical trial articles, please include the unique identifier and the URL of the publicly-accessible website on which the trial is registered.

These can sometimes be opinionated or reflect on the history of a finding; they are usually peer-reviewed. Stand-alone Perspectives are ~1800 words, with 15 references maximum and 1 figure or table. Although Perspectives are mostly invited, we welcome inquiries regarding new advances and fresh insights. When a large multi-author group has conducted the work, the group ideally should decide who will be an author before the work is started and confirm who is an author before submitting the manuscript for publication.

Author list

Manuscripts selected for publication are edited to improve accuracy and clarity, as well as for length. Rejected papers cannot be resubmitted over a disagreement on novelty, interest, or relative merit. If a paper was rejected on the mockingbird essay basis of serious reviewer error, resubmission may be considered. The corresponding author will, at no cost, receive a customized Share Link providing 50 days free access to the final published version of the article on ScienceDirect.

guidelines for paper

For more information on the content of this section, please see the Declarations section of the relevant journal’s Instruction for Authors. For more information on BioMed Centrals policies on data availability, please see our . Each figure should be closely cropped to minimize the amount of white how long is an average essay space surrounding the illustration. Cropping figures improves accuracy when placing the figure in combination with other elements when the accepted manuscript is prepared for publication on our site. For more information on individual figure file formats, see our detailed instructions.

Guidelines for final, camera

We prefer that you upload your manuscript as a Word .docx file prepared using our template. In the Combined PDF section, you must upload a PDF file that contains the complete main manuscript, figures, tables, and supplementary materials. Uploads to both sections are required before you can proceed to the next tab.

How many words in an A4 page?

You might wonder how many words fit on an A4 page. As a rule of thumb, a standard A4 page with default margins, 12 point font size, and 1.5 line spacing contains on average 400 to 500 words. When you include subheadings, white spacing, or images, you can expect an A4 sheet to have about 350 words.

Striking images should not contain potentially identifying images of people.Read our policy on identifying information. You can choose to upload a “Striking Image” that we may use to represent your article online in places like the journal homepage or in search results. Accession numbers should be provided in the Data Availability Statement. Accession numbers or a citation to the DOI should also be provided when the data set is mentioned within the manuscript. If appropriate, provide sample sizes, along with a description of how they were determined.

Inclusion of ancillary files

Authors should always state the organism studied in the Abstract. Where the study may be confused as pertaining to clinical research, authors should also state the animal model in the title. We encourage you to share your Study Protocol with other researchers, either before or after submission. You can publish it on your website, or submit it for posting onmedRxivor another preprint server. Include an analysis of preliminary or pilot data, only if it is necessary to support the feasibility of the study or as a proof of principle.

How to write an essay?

  1. Start writing early —the earlier the better.
  2. Keep the essay question in mind.
  3. Don't try to write an essay from beginning to end, especially not in a single sitting.
  4. Write the introduction and conclusion after the body.
  5. Use 'signpost' words in your writing.
  6. Integrate your evidence carefully.

Authors should ensure that writing is free from bias, stereotypes, slang, reference to dominant culture and/or cultural assumptions. When coding terminology is used, we recommend to avoid offensive or exclusionary terms such as “master”, “slave”, “blacklist” and “whitelist”. We suggest using alternatives that are more appropriate and (self-) explanatory such as “primary”, “secondary”, “blocklist” and “allowlist”. These guidelines are meant as a point of reference to help identify appropriate language but are by no means exhaustive or definitive.

Manuscript length

Statistical methods (meta-analysis) may or may not be used to analyze and summarize the results of the included studies. A copy of the protocol that was approved by the ethics committee must be submitted as a supplementary information file. Please provide an additional English translation if the original document is not in English. Please note that the protocol what is commentary writing will be published with the manuscript if accepted. Clinical trials must be reported according to the relevant reporting guidelines, i.e.CONSORTfor randomized controlled trials,TRENDfor non-randomized trials, andother specialized guidelinesas appropriate. The intervention should be described according to the requirements of theTIDieR checklist and guide.

To verify compliance, your article may be checked by Crossref Similarity Check and other originality or duplicate checking software. As the length and quantity of data is not restricted for many article types, authors can provide datasets, tables, movies, or other information as additional files. Presenting your work in a well-structured manuscript and in well-written English gives it its best chance for editors and reviewers to understand it and evaluate it fairly. what is a controlling idea Many researchers find that getting some independent support helps them present their results in the best possible light. The experts at Springer Nature Author Services can help you with manuscript preparation—including English language editing, developmental comments, manuscript formatting, figure preparation, translation, and more. The notion of a positive experience was also adopted by the guideline development groups as the overarching guideline concept.

Users of MS Word

Selected papers should present novel and broadly important data, syntheses, or concepts. We welcome submissions from all fields of science and from any source. Submitted papers must be unpublished bridge essay and not currently under review for any other publication. Authors of accepted papers will need to sign an IEEE copyright release form and present their paper at the conference.

If authors accessed any personal identifying information, an Ethics or Data Protection Committee should oversee data anonymization. If data were anonymized and/or aggregated before access and analysis, informed consent is generally not required. Authors must also state in their “Methods” section whether a protocol exists for their systematic review, and if so, provide a copy of the protocol as supporting information and provide the registry number in the abstract. Sharing of data and materials.Any specimen that is erected as a new species, described, or figured must be deposited in an accessible, permanent repository (i.e., public museum or similar institution).

Additional information for TeX

PLOS uses the numbered citation (citation-sequence) method and first six authors, et al. You should avoid citing retracted articles unless you need to discuss retracted work to provide historical context for your submitted research. If it is necessary to discuss retracted work, state the article’s retracted status in your article’s text and reference list. The submitting author is automatically designated as the corresponding author in the submission system. The corresponding author is the primary contact for the journal office and the only author able to view or change the manuscript while it is under editorial consideration. If an author has multiple affiliations, enter all affiliations on the title page only. In the submission system, enter only the preferred or primary affiliation.

  1. Stand-alone Perspectives are ~1800 words, with 15 references maximum and 1 figure or table.
  2. If you are a journalist wishing to receive our embargoed press package or an author wanting information regarding press outreach on your embargoedSciencepaper, please contact theScience Press Package (“SciPak”) Team at .
  3. Once you have read the information on the Welcome tab, please click the red button to continue to the Terms and Conditions page.
  4. Capitalize all words in the title except prepositions, conjunctions, and articles.

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